We can say that a dog has diarrhea when stool have a too soft or liquid texture and, in addition, the dog defecates in a volume and frequency above the usual.
The digestive system of the puppy is very sensitive, and diarrhea can be of various types:
Diarrhea originating in the small intestine:
Relatively frequent, it may be secondary to impaired glucose permeability, osmotic or gastroenteritis. The latter can seriously endanger the life of the puppy if it is not treated. It is essential that he remains hydrated and visit the veterinarian as soon as possible.
Diarrhea originating in the large intestine:
Colitis, the most common problem that affects our dogs, is caused usually due to toxins, infections or inadequate nutrition, for example, with foods prepared for human consumption.
The characteristics of diarrhea and the general condition of the dog will help us to establish the guidelines to follow.
Its color, smell and frequency can let us know if it originates in the small or large intestine.
Depending on its duration, the diarrhea can be acute (appears suddenly and lasts little) or chronic (it appears gradually and lasts for three weeks or more, or it is recurrent and manifests itself every certain period of time).
Acute diarrhea is not serious, while chronic diarrhea will require veterinary research to find out its causes. This may include fecal tests to locate parasites, bacteria or fungi, immunoassays, faecal absorption tests, colonoscopy …
The color, consistency, smell, frequency and condition of the dog are also determining factors in establishing the diagnosis.
What can I do at home?
-The gastrointestinal tract needs rest. It establishes a 24-hour fast period.
-Try to have your dog drink water frequently in order to avoid dehydration.
-If diarrhea persists, it may be appropriate to give an oral serum.
-An antidiarrheal may be necessary to decrease intestinal motility. Always consult your veterinarian before medicating.
-Acute diarrhea usually subsides within 24 hours. Reintroduce foods with a low-fat diet (for example, cooked rice and chicken). Give him 3-4 small meals a day for two days and slowly return to the usual diet.
When do we need to visit the vet?
-If the diarrhea lasts more than 24 hours.
-Stool contains blood or is black and tarry.
-Vomits are also present.
-If your dog is weak, depressed, or with fever.
–In the case of older dogs, diarrhea that lasts more than three days may indicate kidney or liver disease, pancreas, malabsorption, parasites … Your veterinarian is the best professional to go to.
-Puppies suffer dehydration very quickly, so it is best to go to the vet quickly at the first symptoms.
-If you see blood, worms or mucus, also go to the vet. These articles are merely informative and help you to know your dog better, but you should always consult a specialist.